Saturday, August 28, 2010

Budenovka: A story behind the helmet


A story behind the helmet

(directly and loosely translated from Russian)

The helmet, being first worn by the Red army on its earliest stage was issued under the Revolutionary War Soviet RMCR Order № 116 dated January 16, 1919 being declared and the samples are given descriptions of the hat.

Headwear ("bogatyrka") is made of khaki cloth, uniformed and looks like a helmet. It consists of a cap, tapered up, and threw nazatylnika and visor. Cap consists of six identical pieces form an isosceles spherical triangle, sewed with each other on the sides so that the tops of the triangles converge at the center top cap. Top cap flattened. In its upper circular plate-sewn button diameter of about 2 cm, covered with cloth. For a cloth hood sewn inside cover of the same form of calico with a cotton quilted lining. Front to the bottom of the shell stitch double-layer cloth visor with six rows of stitching, and sew to the back of nazatylnik also sewn from two layers of cloth. Nazatylnik has a triangular cutout in the middle part and elongated tapered ends. At the left end there are two expanded swept loop, and on the right - two buttons. For folding nazatylnik creased the width of the top point of the triangular notch, and its free ends are bent inward at the crease. The corners of the folded nazatylnika with leather strap fastened the buttons 1,5 cm in diameter, covered with cloth instrumentation.

In front of headgear, symmetrically with respect to the visor and the front seam is sewn right five-pointed star of the instrument of cloth with a diameter 8.8 cm, and the interior angles on the pitch circle diameter of 4.3 cm Star dolzhna have the edge width of 5-6 mm caused by the black paint, stepping 3mm from the edge. In the center is attached "badge-badge" standard pattern.

№ 628 was amended in the construction of winter headgear - changed its silhouette and size cloth star. The ends of the stars were arranged in a circle of diameter 10.5 cm, and the interior angles - on the pitch circle diameter of 3.5 cm, therefore it has become more pointed.

Due to the fact that "The past civil war made it necessary to initiate the revision of the Red Army uniforms and such, to build a more perfect type, as in the wearing of peace and war, as well as of otveyaayuschuyu spirit of proletarian republic, November 8, 1921 at TsUSe Commission was established to develop a new uniform is the Red Army, headed by Assistant Glavnachsnaba MV Akimov.

As a result of the Commission Order RMCR № 322 of 31 January 1922 have been significant changes in the existing form of clothing for the RKKA (Red Army). There was a reduced height of the helmet and a few other minor changes to cut.

The same order was entered that Summer hat from the field, the tent cloth or cotton outdoorsy-tent fabric in light gray or nearly color; consists of a cap, tapered at the top and imeyushego view of the helmet, and is between a single unit and visor nazatylnika. Front fastened podborodny strap of the same fabric as the helmet. Пуговицы ремешка близкого к ткани цвета. Strap buttons close to the fabric color.

Above Cloth stars attached red metal star standard pattern.

April 13, 1922 in order RMCR number 953 stated: "The Portable is now in the Red Army's icon is an image of the hammer and the plow, at a time when The Constitution of the Republic of the arms has the image of the hammer and sickle. Chief Captain of the Red Army to attend to manufacture badges depicting the coat of arms, established by the Constitution.

Newly introduced icon was made of brass. Corners stars fit into the circle with a diameter of 36 mm and the inside - in the circle with a diameter of 20 mm.

July 11, 1922 order RMCR number 1691 in the description of the star was changed: the interior angles are now equipped with a circle diameter of 12 mm. Таким образом, новая звезда стала более остроконечной. Thus, the new star has become more pointed.

May 13, 1924 order of the PBC № 641 year old hat was lifted, but the winter helmet design in 1922 remained unchanged at just before the winter season of 1925-1926 years has undergone some design changes. In July 1925 the revision of the existing description in order to save it was decided to build a cap is not of the 4 wedges, and a six, and stop covering instrumental color cloth exterior buttons, what is no longer necessary, thanks to the use of metal shaped buttons size. Also canceled was a coupling cord - a narrow ribbon, available at the lining and also to change the volume of the helmet on his head. However, in addition to the two existing introduced an additional interim size helmet.

In 1926, before the next winter, winter hat description of the sample in 1922 once again been revised and processing in connection with the work of a special commission VHU, which established strict rules leave materials for all kinds of nonessential equipment. In September, after the administration called the Commission greatcoat cuffs and collar of one color with the coat of an acceptable color for a winter hat was considered an ordinary khaki uniformed cloth.

August 2, 1926, Order of the RVS USSR was abolished cloth star on a winter hat, thus, the only difference between the metal helmet was a Red Army badge.

Two months later, on Oct. 5, 1926, cloth star was formally restored, but preparations for the transition to the winter uniform is already behind: all star sporoli cloth At the same time until the end of winter 1926-1927 years stripes stars organize and failed, as in connection with the cancellation of the original stars had violated their production. While restoring the mill "bad snap, the Military-economic management in order to maintain uniformity in the form of Red Army personnel suspended the expulsion of cloth stars on the place until the summer of 1927.

September 3, 1927 order of the PBC USSR № 474 (thanks largely to the introduction of steel helmets arr. 1927) introduced from October 1 for the Army and Air Force Red Army winter hat according to the description. Helmet of the sample in 1922 are allowed to wear until the end of the winter season 1928/1929 GG

Winter helmet is constructed from Semi cloth dark gray and consists of a cap with a lining, visor and flap nazatylnika is fastened by two metal buttons small size.

Cap has six sewn sides spherical triangles converging at the apex and secured covered with the same cloth button.In the normal position nazatylnik creased in width in half, the narrow ends of his laid inside and fastened on the sides of the helmet shell on the metal button on the small size.

Front Slam sew right five-pointed star of the instrument of cloth given to the kind of troops attached to the color of her Red Army badge. Size Cloth stars are such that the outer ends of it are located on a circle with a diameter of 8 centimeters. Lining under the helmet is made of painted calico with tufting on cotton.

Sewing is black or dark gray chl / boom. № 30 threads in 6 additions. Cap, and similarly for nazatylnik priutyuzheny fold.

In 1931, the construction of a winter helmet design in 1927 has been amended. The helmet shell was not poshivatsya six wedges, and four, and in addition, nazatylnike were introduced extensions of the gray cotton yarns.

Winter hat, People's Commissar of Defense canceled the order of the USSR № 187 from July 5, 1940.