Tuesday, August 31, 2010

Alleged "rebel returnees" are torture victims of the 34th IB-NDF

Alleged "rebel returnees" are torture victims of the 34th IB*

Fr. Santiago "Sanny" Salas
NDF - Eastern Visayas
Agosto 28, 2010

The National Democratic Front-Eastern Visayas said today that the two alleged "rebel returnees" in the custody of the 34th Infantry Battalion are not members of the New People's Army but ordinary civilian peasants who were abducted, tortured and are being held under duress. "The brothers Cesar and Juanito Gabac were presented as "rebel returnees" by the 8th Infantry Division to the media and the local government of Paranas, Western Samar last Aug. 16," said Fr. Santiago Salas, NDF-EV spokesperson. "But reports reaching NDF-EV indicate the Gabac brothers were abducted along with their mother Lucia last July 25 by 34th IB troops in Brgy. Anagasi, Paranas. Furthermore, the guns they allegedly "surrendered" were in fact not in their possession but found elsewhere by the military after the NPA left these in temporary storage. The brothers are believed to have been tortured and forced to guide the soldiers during their military operations."

Fr. Salas also slammed the 34th IB led by Lt. Col. William Penafiel for making up the psywar story that the Gabac brothers were NPA members who were "tired" of the armed struggle and "surrendered" and "cooperated" with the government. "The military is resorting to hoodwinking the media and the public to obscure the failure of the Oplan Bantay Laya campaign. It is also clear from the case of the Gabac brothers that it is civilians who in the main continue to suffer from the government offensive. The brothers' rights were violated several times: they were abducted, tortured, forced to guide soldiers in dangerous military operations, and falsely presented as NPA members without the chance to defend themselves or the benefit of legal counsel. Meanwhile, like in other cases of fake "rebel returnees", the military will surely pocket the Paranas local government's P20,000 "cash incentive" for the brothers who are being held against their will."

The NDF-EV demanded the immediate release of the Gabac brothers and their mother, as well as justice and redress for their ordeal. "We are concerned for the safety and well-being of the Gabac family. There is the fresh torture scandal video by the police in Manila of a detainee, who remains missing and is feared to have been summarily executed. Thus the ordeal of the Gabac brothers shows they are vulnerable to the impunity of the military and police for gross human rights violations such as illegal detention, torture and summary executions. As Amnesty International and other human rights organizations have said, President Benigno Aquino III has failed to fulfill his campaign promise of human rights protection as well as to investigate political killings. The extension of Oplan Bantay Laya till January 2011 is thus bound to leave in its trail many more human rights violations. The people must stand up for their rights, demand justice for the victims, and press for the punishment of the perpetrators under Oplan Bantay Laya, including the previous Arroyo administration."

* Url: http://theprwcblogs.blogspot.com/2010/08/alleged-rebel-returnees-are-torture.html

Monday, August 30, 2010

Critique regarding the music video “cyclone” by Baby Bash and other black American rap music videos

Critique regarding the music video
“cyclone” by Baby Bash and other black American rap music videos

By Lualhati Madlangawa-Guererro

Yesterday, I was curiously watching some rap music videos coming from Snoop Dogg to Baby Bash. I was quite critically curious about these videoes to the fact that I am really not into Rap music. The music video seemed to be too sensuous and sexist as every scene epicted women, in the parlance of these gangsters as their property, as “hoes” and “bitches” so to speak.

How come mainstram culture shown much of these, and trying to penetrate much on the younger culture? Good is the music being sung, the tone and of the idea, but the depicting women as men’s property and men in a goon like manner? Sheesh…

In fact,
Rap music at first espouses the life of an African-American, struggle and hardship, the Ghetto as the center of their lives, anything what we may call as “life.” But then, as time goes by, it end up rather glorifying the vices, degrading women as displays showing off their butts, or even having too much eroticism in the videos including the lyrics. And yet how come here in the Philippines, most people, especially from the lower class admired those? Especially from the “Jejemon” and “Gengstuh” generation?

In assessing those hell-of-a-kind videos, do these people glorify being a lumpen, (my term for a lumpenproletarian individual) a 'refuse of all classes? That despite the glamour, the bling bling, the cars, and the women lies such dirty agenda? My parents even got angry at me just because of those videoes I am watching for this writeup, worse as they called it as pornographic just because of the women wearing scantily clad clothing.

Anti-reunification Theory of Confrontational "South Korean" Maniacs

Anti-reunification Theory of Confrontational "South Korean" Maniacs

Traitor Lee Myung-bak, in an address released on August 15, presented an extremely anti-reunification scheme so-called the “three-phase-unification policy” through “peace community”, “economic community” and “national community” presupposing “abandonment of nukes by the north”.

The so-called “peace community”, “economic community” and “national community” are a revised version of the “unification policy of the Korean nation community” set forth by the preceding military dictator Ro Tae-woo with the “No nukes, openness and 3 000$”, an anti-reunification policy of the present regime.

They are an anti-nation and anti-reunification confrontation policy to all intents and purposes.

It is preposterous to claim the “peace community” while staging war exercises against north Korea, the same brethren, with the US almost everyday, the “economic community” while breaking down all the projects of inter-Korean cooperation and the “national community” while totally negating the inter-Korean declarations.

The traitor also talked about “unification tax”. It is an extremely rude remark seeking the alleged German-style “unification through absorbing the north” in anticipation of an “emergency in the north”.

The “unification tax” touted by the traitor is in essence a division tax, confrontation tax and war tax to squander the blood taxes squeezed from the south Korean people to the showdown with the compatriots and war preparations and the realization of the wild ambition for “unification through absorbing the north”.
The vituperation let loose by traitor Lee in the “address” with a treacherous ill intention to find an exit from the ever-deteriorating ruling crisis in the showdown with the compatriots relying on the outsiders, is an all-out declaration of confrontation of systems against north Korea.

Now the south Korean people from all walks of life brand the traitor’s remarks as an anti-reunification declaration of showdown with the compatriots which totally destroys the inter-Korean relations and drives the situation to a brink of war, and dynamically wage the struggle against Lee Myung-bak.

Those who are hell-bent on confrontation and war turning their back on the nation will get nothing but a shameful death.

Will They Really Spark Off a War?

Despite the strong protest and denunciation of the Korean people and world peace-loving people, the US imperialists and south Korean puppet warmongers launched the provocative joint military exercises “Ulji Freedom Guardian”, the largest-ever nuclear war rehearsal against the DPRK, across south Korea on August 16.

Mobilized in the drills were some 30,000 US troops from south Korea and abroad, more than 56,000 troops of the south Korean army including corps, fleet command and commands above flying wing-level and numerous latest war equipment.

The commander of the US Forces Korea openly said that the current joint military exercises are one of the joint command and staff drills largest scale in the world.
The war maniacs get frenzied on the nuclear war drills targeting the DPRK clamoring about a so-called “counteracting to security threat” and “defense”.

And the warmongers staged on August 16 the “Ulji” rehearsal, an actual war drill for a war time by mobilizing over 400,000 persons including employees of the administration organs and members of the civilian enterprises. The US imperialists and the Lee Myung-bak group of traitors run amuck in military provocation to ignite a comprehensive war on the Korean Peninsula at any cost under the pretext of the “Cheonan” incident and push the situation to the worst phase.

Now various civic organizations and people in south Korea are turning out as one in the struggle against the war for peace with the soaring indignation against the US and the Lee Myung-bak group of traitors who drove the situation of the Korean Peninsula to a brink of war and the inter-Korean relations to an irretrievable catastrophe by conducting successive war exercises against the north.

A spokesman for the Democratic Labor Party noted in a commentary on August 10 that owing to the military provocation of the US and the south Korean regime under the pretext of the warship sinking incident the tension on the peninsula got further strained, condemning the Lee regime for staging joint military exercises with the US by mobilizing a US nuclear aircraft carrier, and other exercises to invade the north in succession till the end of this year.

What the people want is peace of the Korean Peninsula and the inter-Korean reconciliation and cooperation, the commentary said and added that it can never tolerate the attempts to unleash a war on this land demanding the US and the south Korean regime retract all plans of saber rattling.

Meanwhile, the Christian organizations called a press conference at a Christian hall in Seoul on August 12, denouncing that after the advent of the Lee regime the inter-Korean relations were collapsed and the reunification process was blocked. They claimed that the current regime should stop at once the joint military exercises with the US and resume the civilian exchange with the north.

The south Korean Confederation of Trade Unions denounced in a statement on August 14 that the US and the Lee Myung-bak regime enforced large-scale war exercises aimed at invading the north in the East and West Seas of Korea advocating “retaliation”. Asking back “for whom the confrontation and war are needed” the statement demanded the war fanatics stop immediately the dangerous war exercises against the north.

The statement stressed that workers would more vigorously wage the struggle to safeguard peace of the Korean Peninsula and achieve the independent reunification of the nation.

South Korean students also staged demos on August 15 in Seoul condemning the puppet group’s confrontation moves against the north.

They denounced the reckless moves of the puppet warmongers engrossed in the saber rattling to invade the north running wild in confrontation against the north, chanting slogans such as “Switchover the hard-line north Korea policy!”

Let Us Smash the Disgraceful Moves to Distort History

Let Us Smash the Disgraceful Moves to Distort History

This year is the 100th year that the Japanese imperialists fabricated the “Korea-Japan Annexation Treaty”.

As materials proving that the treaty is a fully falsified document which Japan forcefully faked up and published throughout the world were brought to light again, it sparked off a sharp anger at home and abroad.

The Japanese reactionaries’ moves to despicably distort, beautify and conceal their crime-woven history of aggression triggered a bitter protest and condemnation at home and abroad.

On August 13, the Christian organizations in south Korea and Japan held a joint press conference declaring null and void the “Korea-Japan Annexation Treaty” fabricated by the Japanese imperialists.

Holding that the Japanese government avoids the fact of the fabrication of the treaty by all means, they stressed that it should clarify the truth before the world. They demanded the Japanese regime apology to the victims of the “comfort women” enslaved by the Japanese Imperial Army and the forced labor and conscription during the past colonial rule and make reparation for them.

A spokesman for the Democratic Labor Party of south Korea in a commentary on August 15 denounced the Lee Myung-bak regime for inviting Japan, the sworn enemy, to the north-targeted war drills staged with the US imperialists, and praising the Japanese prime minister’s so-called apology statement devoid of admitting the illegality of the colonial domination over Korea and any sincere apology for the inhumane crimes, released on the occasion of the 100th year of the fabrication of the “Korea-Japan Annexation Treaty”.

The commentary noted that the present regime in south Korea should pursue the national coexistence, not the war “alliance” with outside forces, and demanded the regime, fully aware that only this road is for the nation and realizing peace of the Korean Peninsula, strive to improve the inter-Korean relations.

The Women’s Peace Action against the Japanese Militarists and War on the Occasion of the 100th Year of the Fabrication of the “Korea-Japan Annexation Treaty” grouping women organizations including the National Women’s Solidarity held a rally around the Japanese embassy in Seoul on August 15 and deplored that though 65 years have passed since Korea’s liberation no settlement to the colonial crimes of Japan was made yet.
The participants denounced that the Japanese regime in collusion with south Korea makes attempts to cover up its past crimes and aggravates situation of the Korean Peninsula by pursuing hostile policy toward the north.

The organizations in a written resolution clarified that the city and county assemblies are adopting resolutions for settling the issue of “comfort women” and conducting half-million signature campaign calling for responsible and legal solution to the issue by the Japanese government.

However, the south Korean conservative ruling forces devoid of even an iota of national spirit please the Japanese reactionaries clamoring about a “new cooperation era not to asking the past” and get frenzied in conniving at the Jap’s moves to distort the history of aggression and reinvasion.

All the fellow countrymen in the north, south and abroad should more vigorously wage the struggle to frustrate the anti-national moves of the Lee Myung-bak conservative group which unhesitatingly conspire with even the sworn enemy of the nation in a bid to secure their power and hurt the compatriots.

Holding Fast to WPK's Line of Economic Construction Called for-KCNA

Holding Fast to WPK's Line of Economic Construction Called for

Pyongyang, August 29 (KCNA) -- To preferentially develop national defence industry while simultaneously developing light industry and agriculture is the Workers' Party of Korea's line of economic construction in the Songun era. This is a strategic line as its validity and vitality have been proved in the practical struggle of the Songun revolution glorified with great victories and miracles.

Rodong Sinmun Sunday says this in a signed article. It goes on:

This line is a successful inheritance of the basic line of socialist economic construction the vitality of which has been fully proved in the drive to build a socialist power --independent in politics, self-supporting in economy and self-reliant in national defence--and it also represents the in-depth development of the basic line in keeping with the requirements of the times and developing revolution.

The line of economic construction in the Songun era serves as a treasured sword to win one victory after another in the drive to firmly defend the dignity and sovereignty of the country, a powerful weapon for bringing earlier the triumphant building of an economic power by pushing ahead with the overall development of the national economy based on heavy industry and correct guidelines for drastically improving the standard of people's living through the high-pitched drive to bring about a radical turn in light industry and agriculture.

The DPRK holds a full-fledged position as a country that launched satellites and had access to nukes and is demonstrating its independent dignity as an invincible socialist power. This is a shining fruition of the Songun revolutionary leadership of Kim Jong Il who set forth the line of economic construction in the Songun era long ago and gave top priority to the development of the national defence industry.

The DPRK is stepping up the modernization of overall national economy including machine building industry with a firm grip on the eminence of CNC technology. This would have been unthinkable without the guidance provided by the WPK to give full play to the might of the DPRK's economic structure with main emphasis on defence industry and heavy industry and remarkably boost the nation's economic potential with it as a powerful driving force.

Rodong Sinmun on Friendship between DPRK and Cuba-KCNA

Rodong Sinmun on Friendship between DPRK and Cuba

Pyongyang, August 29 (KCNA) -- Rodong Sinmun Sunday dedicates a signed article to the 50th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic ties between the DPRK and Cuba.
The paper says that for the last five decades the peoples of the DPRK and Cuba have fully demonstrated the might of the friendly relations between the two countries that were forged in the joint struggle to defend socialism.

The Korean people have extended full support and solidarity to the Cuban people in their struggle to honorably defend the gains of the revolution while defeating the imperialists' aggression and interference from the very day they gained victory in the Cuban revolution, the daily says, and goes on:

The Cuban people have extended full support and encouragement to the struggle of the Korean people who are dashing ahead like wind toward a thriving socialist nation holding high the red flag of the revolution without the slightest vacillation and pessimism despite the pressure and sanctions on the part of the imperialist allied forces.
The solidity and invincibility of the bilateral friendship have been consolidated thanks to President Kim Il Sung, the great leader of the Korean people, and Fidel Castro, leader of the Cuban revolution.

Under the leadership of Fidel Castro and Raul Castro the Cuban people have achieved great successes in their struggle to defend the country, revolution and socialism while frustrating the vicious moves of the imperialists to isolate and suffocate Cuba.

Well aware that only socialism can guarantee their happy life and bright future, the Cuban people have unswervingly followed the road of independence and socialism against imperialism, holding high the slogan of revolution and struggle "Socialism or death, we will win!"

It is the steadfast stand of the Workers' Party of Korea and the government of the DPRK to support the Cuban revolution and invariably strengthen the bilateral relations of friendship and cooperation.

The Korean people will as ever make positive efforts to continue to develop the traditional friendly and cooperative relations with the Cuban people based on the revolutionary principle and comradely obligation.

Statement of the AINDF Central Committee vice-chairman

Statement of the AINDF Central Committee vice-chairman

Today the south Korean people significantly mark the 50th anniversary of Kim Jong Il’s start of the Songun-based revolutionary leadership at the time when the entire Korean people wage a vigorous drive to open up a new era of independent reunification under the banner of “by the Korean nation itself,” smashing the warlike forces’ war provocations against north Korea.

Marking the historic day, the vanguard fighters and broad segments of south Korean people extend the greatest honor and thanks to leader Kim Jong Il who is leading the cause of building a thriving socialist country and the cause of Korea’s reunification to victory, defending peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula and demonstrating national dignity.

Kim Jong Il, with an adamantine will to accomplish the Juche revolutionary cause, which was pioneered, and has been advanced and completed on the strength of arms, visited the Seoul Ryu Kyong Su 105 Guards Tank Division of the Korean People’s Army on August 25 Juche 49 (1960). It has been recorded as a meaningful day in the history of the Korean nation in which the heir to Songun revolutionary cause started from Mt. Paektu was declared.

His 50-year-long history of Songun revolutionary leadership is etched as a sacred course of defending President Kim Il Sung’s Songun idea and feats and enriching them. It is recorded as the annals of victory and glory during which he has defended destiny of the nation and created a new history of building a thriving nation by strengthening the KPA as an invincible revolutionary armed forces.

Kim Jong Il, who is possessed of outstanding personality and qualification as a brilliant commander of Mt. Paektu , put forth the modeling of the whole army on the Juche idea as a general task in strengthening the army and developed the KPA to the army of the leader and the party. He has strengthened the KPA as a strong army enough to defeat any formidable enemy at one stroke by training the whole army into a cadre army and modernizing the whole army.

In particular, he, seeing through the prevailing situation in the 1990s and vital demand of the development of revolution, stipulated the Songun politics as a main political mode of socialism and enforced it in all fields of revolution and construction.

Through his long journey of Songun, the KPA has been strengthened into an invincible revolutionary armed force of Mt. Paektu armed with the spirit of guarding the headquarters of the revolution and equipped with original strategy and tactics. North Korea has built self-defensive industry able to make any modern weaponry at its will.

He established unique state machinery with the DPRK National Commission as the core in reflection of the demand of Songun era and laid a solid foundation for administering the Songun politics in all fields of the revolution and construction.

He ensured that the people follow the revolutionary solider spirit displayed among the KPA soldiers during the “Arduous March” and forced march. Therefore, the north Korean people created torches of Songgang and Nanam in the wake of the spirit of Kanggye, opening a way ahead of the building of a powerful nation.

It is a manifestation of justness and vitality of the Songun politics of Kim Jong Il that the north Korean army and people create unprecedented miracles in building a thriving nation to celebrate the 65th birthday of the Workers’ Party of Korea and its Party Conference under the slogan “When Korea decides, it can do anything!”

He arranged the Pyongyang summit to make public the June 15 joint declaration, a milestone for Korea ’s reunification, and the October 4 declaration, an action program for the June 15 joint declaration, bringing about a new era of “by the Korean nation itself.”

Thanks to his Songun politics, ceaseless military provocations of the US and the warlike forces have been frustrated and peace on the Korean Peninsula is secured.

The exploits of Songun leadership of Kim Jong Il, who made north Korea a politico-ideological and military giant with his Songun politics and opened a fresh turning point in realizing the cause of Korea ’s reunification, will shine forever along with history of the nation. .

Now the Korean nation is faced with weighty tasks to build a peaceful, prosperous and reunified country on the Korean Peninsula true to the Songun politics of Kim Jong Il, the peerlessly brilliant commander of Songun and the sun of the nation.

The south Korean people should positively support the Songun politics with firm conviction that Kim Jong Il’s Songun politics secures the national dignity, peace and reunification of the country.

Broad segments of people should adhere to the June 15 joint declaration and its action program the October 4 declaration, a creation of the Songun politics, as an invariable banner of independent reunification, peace and prosperity.

A touch-and-go situation prevails on the Korean Peninsula in which a war may break out at any moment owing to Lee regime’s inter-Korean confrontation and war maneuvers against north Korea .

The people from all walks of life who wish peace and reunification should intensify the struggle against the Lee regime’s war maneuvers against north Korea and accelerate a nationwide movement to withdraw the GIs from south Korea , the source of misfortune of the Korean people.

The south Korean people should turn out in the struggle to drive out the Lee regime that persistently pursues the deterioration of inter-Korean relations and anachronistic inter-Korean confrontation.

Thanks to Kim Jong Il, the matchless brilliant commander, and the invincible Songun politics, the victory of national reunification is certain and the Korean nation’s desire to live in a reunified country free from foreign forces will surely be realized.

The AINDF vanguard fighters, together with people from various circles desirous of national independence and reunification, will more resolutely struggle to build a reunified and prosperous nation with an invincible confidence and optimism, frustrating the moves of the anti-reunification forces at home and abroad.


August 25, Juche 99 (2010)

Traitor Lee Myung Bak Accused of His Disgusting Behavior-KCNA

Traitor Lee Myung Bak Accused of His Disgusting Behavior

Pyongyang, August 28 (KCNA) -- It was recently disclosed that traitor Lee Myung Bak made such disgusting proposal as expressing the intention of south Korea to host the U.S. military base in Futenma when meeting U.S. President Obama in Canada in late June.

Minju Joson Saturday says in a signed commentary in this regard:

The Japanese people have rejected the U.S. military base in Futenma and the authorities of Japan are troubled with this issue. Yet, Lee proposed hosting this base in south Korea, an intolerable act of treachery.

It is as clear as noonday that in case the U.S. military base in Futenma is transferred to south Korea as requested by Lee, the situation on the Korean Peninsula will deteriorate beyond control, increasing the danger of a new war, a nuclear war and adversely affecting the situation in the surrounding countries.

What matters is that the traitor flatly denied that he made such offer, far from admitting such sycophancy toward the U.S., which may entail grave consequences, and apologizing for it.

Japanese magazine Bungei Shunju carried an article to the effect that Lee proposed the transfer of the Futenma military base to south Korea when meeting Obama.
It is too late to deny his outbursts.

Lee's traitorous, anti-reunification and bellicose true nature was brought to broad daylight through the recent disclosure of the reckless remarks made by him to serve outsiders in betrayal of the nation. The south Koreans will never be freed from the U.S. colonial rule and the whole nation will not be able to escape the holocaust of a new war, a nuclear war as long as he is allowed to stay in power.

Lee had better apologize for the acts of treachery he has committed so far and step down of his own accord before facing a stern trial by the nation.

Justifying yet Backwardly thinking?

Justifying yet Backwardly thinking?

It was last night when I got reprimanded by my mother just because of a mere Youtube video featuring scantily clad women on that scene. They immediately justified it as pornographic-simply just because they are wearing two piece clothing and dancing with a rapper!

I just simply got irritated on what they are saying. I kept on telling them that Youtube is not like any erotic site or whatsoever, they are just featuring videos from personal interests to music videos like those. And yet, they kept on subjectively assailing that video as pornographic?

I don't know why these beings quickly assailing a video from Baby Bash. Fine, the girls are wearing scantily-clad clothing and dancing kinda erotic, but it does not mean that music video is entirely pornographic! Again and again they kept on pushing me to the limit of defending the video and justifying it as non-pornographic but sensual rap music video. I may have disrespected them because of the tone of my vice, but it is they who kept on pushing me over for many years in order to make me as hard as steel and making against them! How cares about that music video being played on Youtube? Youtube does not even broadcasted pornographic videos and if someone do so, they ban it! So how come these backwards spoke much of it, that video as pornographic yet Youtube does not allow pornographic videos?

God forbid, they interrupt my personality in the name of the family. They may justify anything else for the sake of them, so am I for the sake of myself. I even don't listen to Rap music although that video I am watching is part of my analysis-critique. However, they simply spoil what I am supposed to do.

Saturday, August 28, 2010



Aside from the now boring views on politics, I am focusing this time on fashion. While borwsing, I looked at the drawings of women wearing old but trying to be stylized clothing made in the then Soviet Union. And somehow it mirrors the soviets trying to get in touch with the fashions of the times, in contrast to the common soviet attire based on the worker and peasant.

As I continue browsing, it seems that the Soviets, and its successor states like the Russians also had enough ideas in fashion. They may have tried to copy New York, Paris, or Tokyo yet the style end up always in Sankt Peterburg or in Moscow-to the fact that its style somewhat follows the traditional designs entwined with the signs of the times.

They may wanted not to join the flow, but through its uniqueness somehow it gives, it not less, enough fresh setting when it comes to the attires being created, and this time an idea to be copied.

Budenovka: A story behind the helmet


A story behind the helmet

(directly and loosely translated from Russian)

The helmet, being first worn by the Red army on its earliest stage was issued under the Revolutionary War Soviet RMCR Order № 116 dated January 16, 1919 being declared and the samples are given descriptions of the hat.

Headwear ("bogatyrka") is made of khaki cloth, uniformed and looks like a helmet. It consists of a cap, tapered up, and threw nazatylnika and visor. Cap consists of six identical pieces form an isosceles spherical triangle, sewed with each other on the sides so that the tops of the triangles converge at the center top cap. Top cap flattened. In its upper circular plate-sewn button diameter of about 2 cm, covered with cloth. For a cloth hood sewn inside cover of the same form of calico with a cotton quilted lining. Front to the bottom of the shell stitch double-layer cloth visor with six rows of stitching, and sew to the back of nazatylnik also sewn from two layers of cloth. Nazatylnik has a triangular cutout in the middle part and elongated tapered ends. At the left end there are two expanded swept loop, and on the right - two buttons. For folding nazatylnik creased the width of the top point of the triangular notch, and its free ends are bent inward at the crease. The corners of the folded nazatylnika with leather strap fastened the buttons 1,5 cm in diameter, covered with cloth instrumentation.

In front of headgear, symmetrically with respect to the visor and the front seam is sewn right five-pointed star of the instrument of cloth with a diameter 8.8 cm, and the interior angles on the pitch circle diameter of 4.3 cm Star dolzhna have the edge width of 5-6 mm caused by the black paint, stepping 3mm from the edge. In the center is attached "badge-badge" standard pattern.

№ 628 was amended in the construction of winter headgear - changed its silhouette and size cloth star. The ends of the stars were arranged in a circle of diameter 10.5 cm, and the interior angles - on the pitch circle diameter of 3.5 cm, therefore it has become more pointed.

Due to the fact that "The past civil war made it necessary to initiate the revision of the Red Army uniforms and such, to build a more perfect type, as in the wearing of peace and war, as well as of otveyaayuschuyu spirit of proletarian republic, November 8, 1921 at TsUSe Commission was established to develop a new uniform is the Red Army, headed by Assistant Glavnachsnaba MV Akimov.

As a result of the Commission Order RMCR № 322 of 31 January 1922 have been significant changes in the existing form of clothing for the RKKA (Red Army). There was a reduced height of the helmet and a few other minor changes to cut.

The same order was entered that Summer hat from the field, the tent cloth or cotton outdoorsy-tent fabric in light gray or nearly color; consists of a cap, tapered at the top and imeyushego view of the helmet, and is between a single unit and visor nazatylnika. Front fastened podborodny strap of the same fabric as the helmet. Пуговицы ремешка близкого к ткани цвета. Strap buttons close to the fabric color.

Above Cloth stars attached red metal star standard pattern.

April 13, 1922 in order RMCR number 953 stated: "The Portable is now in the Red Army's icon is an image of the hammer and the plow, at a time when The Constitution of the Republic of the arms has the image of the hammer and sickle. Chief Captain of the Red Army to attend to manufacture badges depicting the coat of arms, established by the Constitution.

Newly introduced icon was made of brass. Corners stars fit into the circle with a diameter of 36 mm and the inside - in the circle with a diameter of 20 mm.

July 11, 1922 order RMCR number 1691 in the description of the star was changed: the interior angles are now equipped with a circle diameter of 12 mm. Таким образом, новая звезда стала более остроконечной. Thus, the new star has become more pointed.

May 13, 1924 order of the PBC № 641 year old hat was lifted, but the winter helmet design in 1922 remained unchanged at just before the winter season of 1925-1926 years has undergone some design changes. In July 1925 the revision of the existing description in order to save it was decided to build a cap is not of the 4 wedges, and a six, and stop covering instrumental color cloth exterior buttons, what is no longer necessary, thanks to the use of metal shaped buttons size. Also canceled was a coupling cord - a narrow ribbon, available at the lining and also to change the volume of the helmet on his head. However, in addition to the two existing introduced an additional interim size helmet.

In 1926, before the next winter, winter hat description of the sample in 1922 once again been revised and processing in connection with the work of a special commission VHU, which established strict rules leave materials for all kinds of nonessential equipment. In September, after the administration called the Commission greatcoat cuffs and collar of one color with the coat of an acceptable color for a winter hat was considered an ordinary khaki uniformed cloth.

August 2, 1926, Order of the RVS USSR was abolished cloth star on a winter hat, thus, the only difference between the metal helmet was a Red Army badge.

Two months later, on Oct. 5, 1926, cloth star was formally restored, but preparations for the transition to the winter uniform is already behind: all star sporoli cloth At the same time until the end of winter 1926-1927 years stripes stars organize and failed, as in connection with the cancellation of the original stars had violated their production. While restoring the mill "bad snap, the Military-economic management in order to maintain uniformity in the form of Red Army personnel suspended the expulsion of cloth stars on the place until the summer of 1927.

September 3, 1927 order of the PBC USSR № 474 (thanks largely to the introduction of steel helmets arr. 1927) introduced from October 1 for the Army and Air Force Red Army winter hat according to the description. Helmet of the sample in 1922 are allowed to wear until the end of the winter season 1928/1929 GG

Winter helmet is constructed from Semi cloth dark gray and consists of a cap with a lining, visor and flap nazatylnika is fastened by two metal buttons small size.

Cap has six sewn sides spherical triangles converging at the apex and secured covered with the same cloth button.In the normal position nazatylnik creased in width in half, the narrow ends of his laid inside and fastened on the sides of the helmet shell on the metal button on the small size.

Front Slam sew right five-pointed star of the instrument of cloth given to the kind of troops attached to the color of her Red Army badge. Size Cloth stars are such that the outer ends of it are located on a circle with a diameter of 8 centimeters. Lining under the helmet is made of painted calico with tufting on cotton.

Sewing is black or dark gray chl / boom. № 30 threads in 6 additions. Cap, and similarly for nazatylnik priutyuzheny fold.

In 1931, the construction of a winter helmet design in 1927 has been amended. The helmet shell was not poshivatsya six wedges, and four, and in addition, nazatylnike were introduced extensions of the gray cotton yarns.

Winter hat, People's Commissar of Defense canceled the order of the USSR № 187 from July 5, 1940.

Anniversary of Korea's Liberation Marked in UK-KCNA

Anniversary of Korea's Liberation Marked in UK

Pyongyang, August 27 (KCNA) -- The British Association for the Study of Songun Policy, the British Group for the Study of the Juche Idea and the British Branch of the Korean Friendship Association issued a joint statement on August 13 on the occasion of the 65th anniversary of Korea's liberation.

The statement said that Korea's liberation on August 15, 1945 was achieved through the anti-Japanese armed struggle organized and conducted under the wise leadership of President
Kim Il Sung, the gifted strategist and invincible and iron-willed commander and the great sun of the Korean nation.

It went on:

Korea's liberation greatly encouraged the oppressed people of the world in their struggle against imperialism.

The anti-Japanese armed struggle which was organized and conducted under the banner of the Juche idea fathered by the President serves as a good model of the anti-imperialist national liberation struggle.

The Havana cultural meeting held in Cuba in 1968 highly estimated the documents on the strategy and tactics in the period of the anti-Japanese armed struggle of the Korean people as the genuine guidelines indicating the road of the anti-imperialist national liberation struggle of progressive mankind.

We congratulate the 65th anniversary of Korea's liberation, hoping that the Korean people will achieve the country's reunification as soon as possible.

Statement regarding Japan's need for reparations towards Korea from the Korean Committee for Solidarity with the World People

Statement regarding Japan's need for reparations towards Korea from the
Korean Committee for Solidarity with the World People

Dear friends.

We send our warm greetings of Korean Committee for Solidarity with the World People.

A spokesman for the DPRK Foreign Ministry Friday released a statement on the occasion of the centenary of Japan’s brigandish fabrication of the “Korean-Japan Annexation Treaty” by force of arms and its illegal annexation of Korea.

The brief of the statement follows:

Unspeakable is human, material and mental damage done by the Japanese imperialists to the Korean people during the colonial rule. Citing data to prove it, more than one million Koreans were killed, at last 8.4 million young and middle-aged Koreans were drafted to do slavery labor and hurled into shambles of wars of aggression and 200 000 Korean women were forced into horrible sexual slavery.

There was a colonial era in human history but it does not know such country as Japan which enforced such harsh policy of obliterating other nation and plundering it as depriving the colonial nation of its spoken and written languages and people of their own names and looting even rice bowls and spoons of each house.

The past one centenary is the history in which Japan has committed crimes but refused to redeem them and it is the history in which the Korean people suffered damage done by Japan and this touched off resentment at it.

Had the present Japanese regime have nothing to do with the past militarist regime and had it not have any dream of reviving it, it might have repented and apologized to all victims for the past without any precondition and discrimination.

Japan can never shirk its obligation to make apology and reparation to the DPRK for its crime-woven past. It should make immediate apology and reparation for the hideous crimes committed against the Korean people after usurping their national sovereignty through the fabrication of invalid “treaties”. If it fails to do so, it can never be upright in the international community.

Japan should honestly repent of all the acts it has perpetrated against the DPRK and the General Association of Korean Residents in Japan after its defeat and immediately roll back its hostile policy toward the DPRK. To do so is the least obligation to be fulfilled by Japan which had been under the cultural influence of Korea and it is the way of redeeming its crimes.

It should stop at once tampering with history and such moves to revive militarism as attempt to grab Tok Islets. Doing so is in favor of promoting lasting peace and stability in the region and Japan’s security.

The brief of the statement is as above mentioned.

We firmly believe that you, peace and conscience lovers, will express their support and solidarity in their struggle of Korean people to demand Japan for apology and reparation to the DPRK for its crime-woven past and stop moves to revive militarism.

Best regards.

Korean Committee for Solidarity with World People




London 26th of August

The UK Korean Friendship Association fully supports the statement of the DPRK Foreign Ministry of August 20th that Japan should make an immediate apology to the DPRK and finally pay reparations to the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea.

The atrocities of Japanese imperialism in Asia far exceeded the atrocities of the Hitler Nazis.The Japanese imperialists fabricated a treaty a 100 years ago and seized control of Korea making it a colony.Untold crimes and plunder were committed by the Japanese aggressors in Korea including forcing Korean women into sexual slavery and the mass theft of treasures and resources of Korea. Massive damage was done to the development of the Korean nation by Japanese colonialism and the sufferings of the Korean people were immeasurable.

It is only just that Japan apoligises to the DPRK ,though belatedly and pays reparations. Moreover Japan should stop repressing the General Association of Korean Residents in Japan,the legitmate organisation of Koreans and stop enforcing sanctions on the DPRK.

The Japanese imperialists must take their hands off Tok Islet. The UK Korean Friendship fully support the Korean people and DPRK government in their struggle against Japanese imperialism.


Halt to US-S. Korean Military Exercises Demanded-KCNA

Halt to US-S. Korean Military Exercises Demanded

Pyongyang, August 26 (KCNA) -- The Switzerland-Korea Committee and the Group for the Study of the Juche Idea of Switzerland issued a joint statement on August 15 demanding a halt to the U.S.-south Korea joint military exercises.

Accusing the U.S. imperialists and the south Korean puppet forces of having staged joint military exercises one after another recently, the statement held that these war maneuvers were aimed to round off a criminal offensive scenario to stifle the DPRK, a sovereign state and member nation of the UN.

The Songun politics pursued by Kim Jong Il serves as an all-powerful treasured sword which helped have access to nuclear deterrent for providing a sure guarantee for the sovereignty of the DPRK and peace on the Korean Peninsula, the statement noted, warning that the reckless acts of the U.S. imperialists and the south Korean puppet clique would end up meeting a miserable end.

The organizations strongly denounce the criminal and aggressive Ulji Freedom Guardian joint military exercises, the statement noted, declaring they would join in the world-wide protest action calling for its stop.

Extending solidarity to the DPRK and supporting all the measures taken by it to defend the sovereignty, the statement urged the U.S. imperialists to stop the moves to ignite a war against the DPRK.

The vice-chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Czech and Moravia issued a statement on August 18 in protest against the U.S. imperialists and the south Korean puppet forces' war exercises.

US-S. Korea Saber-Rattling Condemned-KCNA

US-S. Korea Saber-Rattling Condemned

Pyongyang, August 25 (KCNA) -- British political parties and organizations held a rally and demonstration outside the U.S. and south Korean embassies in London on Aug. 17 in protest against the Ulji Freedom Guardian joint military exercises of the U.S. and the south Korean puppet authorities.

Present there were figures of political parities and organizations including the New Communist Party of Britain, the British Group for the Study of the Juche Idea, the British Association for the Study of Songun Policy and the British Branch of the Korean Friendship Association and popular masses.

A statement issued by the British branch denouncing provocative UFG was read out and speeches were made at the rally.

Speakers branded the said saber-rattling as the anti-DPRK war exercises for aggression, contending the presence of the U.S. troops in south Korea is contrary to the resolution of the 30th Session of the UN General Assembly and the Korean Armistice Agreement.

Praising the socialist system of the DPRK as the most advantageous one in the world, they called for fully supporting and protecting the DPRK.

They staged a demonstration, shouting slogans "Stop the war exercises!", "Down with the Lee Myung Bak puppet regime!" and "U.S. forces, quit south Korea!" with placards reading "U.S. imperialists, take hands off Korea" and "We oppose UN sanctions" and flags of the DPRK in their hands.

Rodong Sinmun Terms UFG Test Nuclear War-KCNA

Rodong Sinmun Terms UFG Test Nuclear War

Pyongyang, August 25 (KCNA) -- The U.S. and the south Korean puppet warmongers are advertising the Ulji Freedom Guardian joint military exercises as ones for "examining defense and counter-action posture of the U.S.-south Korea Combined Forces" and a "drill of command post", not one for field maneuverability.

Rodong Sinmun Wednesday says in a signed commentary in this regard:

It is quite nonsensical to term UFG as one for "defense." The means involved in it, its scale, contents and nature prove that the military exercises are all-out war exercises targeted against the DPRK to all intents and purposes and the largest-ever test nuclear war.

After taking office the Obama Administration let loose rhetoric to create the impression that it is "interested" in the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula while talking about "a world without nuclear weapons". But the reality goes to patently prove that its much touted plan for building "a world without nuclear weapons" and "denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula" are nothing but hypocrisy.

Through UFG the U.S. imperialists seek to pressurize and threaten the DPRK by force of arms. It is by no means fortuitous that they advertised the war maneuvers as a "demonstration of armed forces".

But the army and people of the DPRK remain unfazed by such bluffing of the warmongers. It is the independent right of a sovereign state to defend oneself. The warmongers at home and abroad had better stop at once their reckless war racket, not misjudging the mental power and strength of the army and people of the DPRK.

Koreans Called upon to Remain True to Songun Leadership-KCNA

Koreans Called upon to Remain True to Songun Leadership

Pyongyang, August 25 (KCNA) -- Rodong Sinmun Wednesday editorially calls upon all the people to hold higher the red flag of the Songun revolution closely rallied around General Secretary Kim Jong Il and wage a dynamic struggle for the accomplishment of the revolutionary cause of Juche.

His first field guidance to the Seoul Ryu Kyong Su 105 Guards Tank Division of the Korean People's Army on August 25, Juche 49 (1960) marked a historical event that declared the Korean revolution, which started and advanced with arms, has greeted a new era for the successful accomplishment of the revolutionary cause of Juche along the path of Songun, the editorial notes, and goes on:

Kim Jong Il's history of the Songun revolutionary leadership is glorious annals in which he has developed the People's Army into a pillar and a main force for the revolution and ushered in a new era of the Juche cause emerging ever-victorious in reliance upon the powerful military power and a sacred course in which he has significantly bolstered the war deterrent of the country, reliably protecting the destiny and future of all the generations to come.

The headquarters of the revolution, single-minded unity and socialism form a community linked by the same destiny and the powerful military capacity provides a sure guarantee for the sovereignty of the nation in the DPRK where Kim Jong Il's Songun politics is in force.
Songun represents independence, truth and victory.

The DPRK remains unfazed by any high-handed practices and pressure, ceaseless moves for aggression, sanctions and blockade on the part of the imperialist reactionaries and those who encroach upon the sovereignty of the DPRK can never escape unpredictable strikes.

World-startling spectacular events are taking place one after another in the DPRK which is dashing ahead, giving full play to the inexhaustible strength built up in the tempests of the Songun revolution under the leadership of Kim Jong Il. The successful launch of satellite Kwangmyongsong-2, the auspicious events of the mass-production of Juche iron, Juche vinalon and Juche fertilizers, the development of the CNC technology pushing back the frontiers of the latest science and the completion of the Taegyedo Tideland Reclamation project and many other astonishing miracles and innovations took place one after another. All these have instilled confidence and optimism about the rosy future of evermore prospering country into the people.

Only victory and glory will always be in store for Songun Korea as long as there are the Songun revolutionary leadership of Kim Jong Il, the single-minded unity of the servicepersons and the people rallied close around the headquarters of the revolution and the tremendous might of the powerful revolutionary army of Mt. Paektu, the editorial concludes.

DPRK's Might Strengthened under Songun Leadership-KCNA

DPRK's Might Strengthened under Songun Leadership

Pyongyang, August 25 (KCNA) -- General Secretary Kim Jong Il has placed the political and military might of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on the highest peak with his outstanding Songun leadership. With the result, the DPRK is demonstrating its dignity as an invincible socialist power and pushing ahead with the building of a thriving nation.

Over the past five decades since he inspected a Korean People's Army unit on August 25, Juche 49 (1960) to start his Songun revolutionary leadership, he has always directed primary attention to strengthening the political and military power of the country and wisely guided the effort for this purpose.

He has achieved the sameness of ideology in the Workers' Party of Korea, army and revolutionary ranks and accelerated the revolution and construction with the army as the pillar and main force of the country. He has also boosted the nation's defense capabilities in line with the principle of self-defense.

Attaching great importance to the position and role of the army, he has given top priority to increasing the military strength of the country.

Under his leadership, the army has grown to be an invincible one serving the leader and the Party devotedly and a powerful force for the cause of Juche and the building of a thriving nation.

Defense industry has developed into a modern and independent one so that the entire army could be modernized and an all-people, nationwide defense system established in the country.

Now the U.S. imperialists and the south Korean puppet regime are zealously seeking a preemptive strike at the DPRK. But the DPRK is an impregnable fortress with its political and military power ever growing under the Songun politics of Kim Jong Il.



from the blogsite "For Bolshevism-AUCPB"

Abstracts from lectures by Stalin “ON THE FOUNDATIONS OF LENINISM"(Works, vol.6)

"... By whom and where has it been proven that the parliamentary form of struggle is the main form of struggle of the proletariat? Does not the history of the revolutionary movement show that the parliamentary struggle is only a school and help to organize the outside-parliamentary struggle of the proletariat, that the main issues of the labour movement under capitalism are solved by force, by the direct struggle of the proletarian masses, their general strike, their revolt? "

"The dictatorship of the proletariat can not arise as a result of the peaceful development of bourgeois society and bourgeois democracy - it can only arise as a result of breaking the bourgeois state machine, the bourgeois army, the bourgeois bureaucracy, bourgeois politics."

“The deadly sin of the II International was not that it overestimated the importance of these forms (parliamentary forms of struggle - editor.), considering them almost the only forms, but when the period came for open revolutionary struggles and the question of outside-parliamentary forms of struggle became primary, the parties of the II International turned away from these new challenges and did not adopt them."

"For the reformist, the reform is everything - revolutionary work is not so important, it’s for conversation, a diversion. Therefore, the reform in the reformist tactics in the conditions of bourgeois rule inevitably becomes an instrument of strengthening that authority and into an instrument of contraction of the revolution. For the revolutionary though, on the contrary, the main thing is revolutionary work, and not reform – for him, reforms are a by-product of revolution. Therefore, the reform with revolutionary tactics in the conditions of bourgeois rule, of course, becomes an instrument of break-up of this power and an instrument for strengthening the revolution, a base for further development of the revolutionary movement.

The revolutionary accepts a reform in order to use it as an aid in combining legal and illegal work, in order to use it as a cover for illegal work for the revolutionary preparation of the masses for the overthrow of the bourgeoisie.

This is the essence of revolutionary use of reforms and agreements in the conditions of imperialism.

The reformist, on the contrary, will accept reforms in order to renounce all illegal work and to undermine the work of preparing the masses for revolution under the cover (bestowed) of reform. This is the essence of reformist tactics."

"Defending the II International against attacks, Kautsky says that the parties of the II International are an instrument of peace rather than war and that is why they were not able to do anything serious in the war, in the period of revolutionary actions by the proletariat. That is quite true. But what does this mean? This means that the parties of the II International were unfit for the revolutionary struggle of the proletariat, that they are not militant parties of the proletariat leading the workers to power, but an election machine adapted for parliamentary elections and the parliamentary struggle. Actually, this explains the fact that during the dominance of opportunists in the II International, the main political organization of the proletariat was not a party, but a parliamentary faction.”

"To think that new tasks can be performed by the forces of the old social-democratic parties brought up in the peaceful environment of parliamentarism – means to condemn oneself to hopeless despair and inevitable defeat."

"The party must stand in front of the working class, it must see further than the working class, it must lead the proletariat, and not drag along behind in the wake of spontaneity.”

"The working class without a revolutionary party – is an army without a headquarters. The Party is the headquarters of the proletariat.”